A Few Practical Precautions for Nasal Dryness and Nosebleeds

Dry Nose and Epistaxis

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It can dry out nasal congestion in various ways. In this case, if nasal crusting, tingling, bleeding, nasal surgery and the causative factors are not eliminated, the patient's complaints may increase gradually.

What Causes Dry Nose?

Environmental conditions: Nasal dryness may occur due to the decrease in humidity in the breathing air environments. Extremely hot and dry environments can also cause nasal dryness.

Drug use: Using drugs such as various allergy medications, nasal decongestants, nasal cortisone sprays. Nasal sprays given for a runny nose can also become dry with prolonged use. Diuretic drugs, some hypertension drugs and antidepressants, anti-thyroid drugs can also cause dryness of the nose.

Inflammation of the nasal mucosa (rhinitis): Infection of the nasal mucosa can also cause nasal dryness. Bacteria and various viruses can cause it.

Drinking less water than necessary: ​​This can cause dry nose as well as mouth dryness. There may be dryness in the entire body mucosal areas.

Hormonal changes: Nasal dryness may occur, especially during menopause. Dryness of the mouth, nose, vagina and eyes may occur. For this reason, estrogen creams can be used in the treatment of nasal dryness as well as in the treatment of vaginal dryness. Dry mouth and nose can also be seen in hypothyroidism, another hormonal problem.

Dryness of the mouth and nose can often occur in patients with diabetes. This can be a symptom of diabetes or a side effect of medications used to treat diabetes.

Treatment of Dry Nose

In patients with nasal dryness, the appearance of epistaxis is facilitated by different mechanisms. Sometimes after nasal surgery, nasal bleeding can be seen due to the nasal instability caused by nasal mixing or chronic nasal cleansing habits, sometimes due to seasonal or environmental factors.
For the nasal dryness with the nosebleed, you can note the following practical recommendations:

Nutrition style changes

- Consume fruits and vegetables with high water content
- Drinking plenty of water
- Test tea consumption with a diuretic
- Do not consume excessively salty food
- Avoid drinking diuretic teas
- Reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption

Precautions for nose cleaning

Do not clean the nose with a paper towel, napkin, cotton or q type cotton ear cleaning bar and do not mix the nose with your finger.

Dry Nose

Precautions for intranasal care

At home you can reduce the risk of nasal obstruction and associated nose bleeding by following the following practice:

- You can wash your nose with water at home to keep your nose as absorbed as you can. For this you can put 1 teaspoon salt and 1 teaspoon carbonate in 1 cup water, but it may be appropriate to prepare without salt.
- You can drop pure olive oil into the nose in consultation with your doctor. However, you can take advantage of the ready-made sprays and drops produced as a nasal moisturizer.
- You can put cold water in the front of the heaters in order to increase the ambient temperature. You can operate cold steam machine in the room.

During the nose bleeding, you can try stopping this by gripping with the thumb and forefinger of a hand to nose wings. In addition to this, it may be appropriate to apply iced water around the nose and ice around the nose.

Using a cold steamer

For moistening the nasal mucosa, it is ideal that the ambient humidity is 40% and above. However, when the ambient humidity is constantly above 50%, the reproduction of house dust mites may accelerate and cause problems in terms of respiratory allergies. The moisturizing effect of cold steam is greater than that of hot steam.

What can be done at home for dry nose?

In your home, you can pay attention to the following suggestions:

- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Avoid caffeine, salty foods and alcohol
- Sprays, drops and ointments related to nasal dryness can be purchased from pharmacies and used. Applying olive oil, centaury oil, sesame oil, black cumin oil or coconut oil directly into the nose can sometimes increase the risk of infection. If you have any antibiotic eye ointment at home, you can apply it directly into the nose 3-4 times a day.
- You can draw water into the nose at frequent intervals and blow it
- You can avoid putting fingers and napkins into the nose.
- - Taking a steam bath in the bathroom is beneficial in exfoliating the crusts in the nose and moistening the nasal mucosa, albeit temporarily.

Despite this recommendation, patients with recurrent epistaxis are advised to consult an otolaryngologist.

Cocaine, nasal decongestant, nasal cortisone spray, allergy medications can cause increased nasal dryness!

Patients who have symptoms such as dryness, crusting and tingling in the nose should stay away from drugs and applications that dry the nasal mucosa. In patients who use cocaine through the nose, very severe nasal dryness and nose bleeding may occur. In the following period, patients should be very careful about the use of cocaine, which may cause nasal septum perforation and nasal defects. Although the nose drying effect is less; Oral antihistamine tablets, nasal decongestant drugs, drugs such as flu drugs may cause increased nasal dryness.

Sometimes, the risk of nasal dryness may increase during seasonal transitions!

Especially in regions with mountainous, cold and continental climates, in the winter months, when the ambient humidity decreases, crusting and drying of the nasal mucosa may occur in people living in these environments. When starting these seasons, it is beneficial to start using local nasal moisturizing cream or drops and to drink plenty of water.

Link group where you can find detailed information about dry nose on this website >> https://www.ent-istanbul.com/search?q=dry+nose
Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

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