Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul, Turkey

Removal of diseased mastoid air cells


Mastoidectomy Definition - Mastoidectomy Technique - Mastoidectomy Indications - Mastoidectomy Contraindications - Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation - Canal Wall Up Mastoidectomy - Canal Wall Down Mastoidectomy - Radical Mastoidectomy - Modified Radical Mastoidectomy - Simple Mastoidectomy - Cortical Mastoidectomy - Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul - Mastoidectomy Operation in Turkey

In the skull behind the ear mastoid cells, and these cells in the removal of air-filled cavities called surgery mastoidectomy surgery. Several different types of infection are available depending on the amount propagation procedure described mastoidectomy.

Ear infections are usually spread over the mastoid cells and Mastoidectomy surgeries are carried out to the buildup of inflammation. Mastoidectomy operation can be defined simply as a removal of mastoid air cells. Main purpose of this operation the prevention of the spread the inflammation surrounding vital tissues nearby (brain, facial nerve , like the veins of the neck).

Sometimes, mastoid surgery can be done for cochlear implant (inner ear prosthesis ) placing.
If only removal of cortical mastoid cells after the incision is made ​​behind the ear, this mastoid surgery is called "cortical or simple mastoidectomy" operation.

If rear wall of the external auditory canal protected, this operation is called as "canal wall up mastoidectomy", if not protected this operation is called as "canal wall down mastoidectomy".
If some of the middle ear ossicles left and eardrum repaired this surgery is called a "modified radical mastoidectomy". 

If middle ear ossicular structures and mastoid air cells removed (with the middle ear and mastoid cavity area become one common cavity) this operation called as "radical mastoidectomy".

Mastoidectomy Technique


Mastoidectomy Technique
Mastoidectomy Definition - Mastoidectomy Technique - Mastoidectomy Indications - Mastoidectomy Contraindications - Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation - Canal Wall Up Mastoidectomy - Canal Wall Down Mastoidectomy - Radical Mastoidectomy - Modified Radical Mastoidectomy - Simple Mastoidectomy - Cortical Mastoidectomy - Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul - Mastoidectomy Operation in Turkey

After the incision which usually made ​​behind the ear auricle, , the skin of the ear canal elevating to the front and the mastoidectomy surgery started with using of the tour as mastoid bone carving. Taking the back side of the external auditory canal and removing of middle ear structures depends on extension of middle ear infection. Eardrum and middle ear ossicles operations can be also performed while mastoidectomy operation.

Each mastoidectomy operation can be modified for each patient middle ear condition.

How is mastoidectomy performed?

In mastoidectomy surgeries performed with a device which works with electric motor or rotating with air and round. There are different mastoidectomy procedures ranging from simple mastoidectomy to radical mastoidectomy. Each procedure is selected according to the condition of the diseased ear and hearing reserve.

In mastoidectomy surgeries, facial nerve, sinus sigmoideus vein, dura mater of brain, outer semicircular canal of inner ear, eustachian tube and many other anatomical structures are recognized and maximum care is taken to prevent damage to facial nerve, brain membrane and inner ear during the procedure.

In these surgeries, the surgeon's experience, as well as the ear anatomy knowledge; the operating room conditions of the hospital, the characteristics of the tour device, the quality of the microscope is very important.

Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul Video 1:


Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul Video 2:


Mastoidectomy Indications


Mastoidectomy Indications
Mastoidectomy Definition - Mastoidectomy Technique - Mastoidectomy Indications - Mastoidectomy Contraindications - Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation - Canal Wall Up Mastoidectomy - Canal Wall Down Mastoidectomy - Radical Mastoidectomy - Modified Radical Mastoidectomy - Simple Mastoidectomy - Cortical Mastoidectomy - Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul - Mastoidectomy Operation in Turkey


Mastoidectomy indications:

- Mastoid bone disease (acute or chronic infection of the mastoid).
- Cholesteatoma
- A cochlear implant (bionic ear - inner ear prosthesis) in order to placing
- Tumors of the middle ear or nerve tumors (acoustic neuromas), meningiomas of the temporal bone paraganglioma (glomus tumors), removal of the lateral skull base tumors
- To repair the facial nerve
- Cerebrospinal fluid fistula (leakage of fluid surrounding the brain), then in order to repair
mastoid surgery is most commonly performed to prevent to spreading of the chronic middle ear  infection.



You can find video details at similar article >> Bad Smell Inflammatory Ear Discharge May Be a Symptom of "Cholesteatoma"!

Cholesteatoma-related risks (Cholesteatoma is one of the most common indication for mastoidectomy)

In patients with middle ear cholesteatoma, cholesteatoma gradually grows over time and can cause serious complications such as:

• brain abscess
• deafness
• vertigo (dizziness)
• damage to the facial nerve (causing facial paralysis)
• meningitis (inflammation of the brain)
• labyrinthitis (inflammation of the inner ear)
• ongoing ear drainage
• spread of infection into the brain

Mastoidectomy Contraindications

 
Mastoidectomy Contraindications
Mastoidectomy Definition - Mastoidectomy Technique - Mastoidectomy Indications - Mastoidectomy Contraindications - Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation - Canal Wall Up Mastoidectomy - Canal Wall Down Mastoidectomy - Radical Mastoidectomy - Modified Radical Mastoidectomy - Simple Mastoidectomy - Cortical Mastoidectomy - Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul - Mastoidectomy Operation in Turkey

Mastoid surgery should not be done in the following cases:

- In the presence of medical conditions that cause prevent general anesthesia
- Diseased only hearing ear
- Poorly pneumatized mastoid (less weathered) to be sclerotic (may be more difficult to determine certain anatomical points (otic capsule, facial nerve) in patients becomes more complex surgery.
- Sigmoid sinus (just behind the ear, a large veins)'s settlement
- Low roof of the middle ear (tegmen tympani) make it difficult to have surgery
- To be applied to the previous ear surgery for chronic inflammation (thus the second surgery may difficult).

Risks of Mastoidectomy Operations

Risks associated with mastoidectomy operations:

• facial paralysis or weakness (a rare complication due to facial nerve injury)
• hearing loss (inner ear hearing loss occurs in about six percent of patients)
• vertigo (dizziness; may persist for several days)
• taste change (food sour, metallic taste, or decreased sense of taste, this usually improves after several months)
• Tinnitus (abnormal noises in the ear, such as ringing, bursting and hissing)

The risk of mastoidectomy is less than the risk of cholesteatoma and chronic otitis media. Undoubtedly, the experience of the otolaryngologist with ear surgery, knowledge of anatomy and good hospital conditions will minimize these risks.

Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation

Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation
Photo source : The famous painter Vincent van Gogh 's "Self-Portrait Bandaged Ear" ( http://www.paintingall.com/vincent-van-gogh-self-portrait-with-bandaged-ear-and-pipe.html)
Mastoidectomy Definition - Mastoidectomy Technique - Mastoidectomy Indications - Mastoidectomy Contraindications - Postoperative Patient Care For Mastoidectomy Operation - Canal Wall Up Mastoidectomy - Canal Wall Down Mastoidectomy - Radical Mastoidectomy - Modified Radical Mastoidectomy - Simple Mastoidectomy - Cortical Mastoidectomy - Mastoidectomy Operation in Istanbul - Mastoidectomy Operation in Turkey

After surgery , the patient should be followed up according to follows:

Once a week (for first 3 weeks) patient must be come to doctor office.

Especially in the first 5 days after surgery, the following should be noted:

- Do not lift anything heavy.
- Avoid the sudden body movements if middle ear ossicles prosthesis be placed.
- Avoid sneeze with your mouth closed if eardrum surgery be performed.
- Protect your ear from water
- In the first week, the incision behind the ear, antibacterial ointment can be applied on sutures.

After surgery is normal to see the following:

- The first 10 to 14 days is normal ear discharge mixed with blood . Within days of discharge will be reduced.
- Equilibrium or dizziness may occur within a few days after surgery.

Nutrition :

There is no restriction of any diet. Solid, lint-free diet , constipation, may cause the patient's strain to ear drum movement. Soft , warm and high-fiber foods may be appropriate to take the first few days.

Drug Use:

Pain medication may be taken in case of pain other than aspirin . Generally, post-operative pain is not over . In particular the use of antibiotics to prevent infections after surgery is recommended.

After mastoidectomy surgery, the cavity may dry and complete recovery may take several months ...


After radical mastoidectomy and modified radical mastoidectomy operations, the newly formed bone wall cavity must be fully covered with epithelium and several months to complete the mucosal regeneration. During these few months, there may be occasional discharge of blood. It is not normal for an intense inflammatory discharge due to chronic otitis or cholesteatoma which can be seen before surgery.



Mastoidectomy Surgery Price in Istanbul


Modified radical mastoidectomy and radical mastoidectomy operations are the biggest ones in terms of time and material. The cost of mastoidectomy operation in Istanbul is higher than simple mastoidectomy. Hospital conditions also affect the price. If the modified radical mastoidectomy operations are performed with tympanic membrane surgery and ossicular chain, the price changes.





Source Links:


  • Mastoidektomi Ameliyatı

  • Mastoidectomy: Procedure, Complications & Outlook - Healthline

  • Mastoidectomy - eMedicine World Medical Library - Medscape

  • Mastoidectomy: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

  • About mastoidectomy

  • Results of revision mastoidectomy

  • Clinical Indicators: Mastoidectomy - American Academy of ..

  • Canal Wall Reconstruction (Mastoidectomy) - Iowa Head and Neck ...

  • A brief history of mastoidectomy - SciELO

  •    
    Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

    Private Office:
    Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
    Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
    E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
    Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
    Fax: +90 212 542 74 47





     
    

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