Lipoma On The Neck Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

A Neck Mass - Lipoma

Lipoma On The Neck

What is lipoma?

They are benign masses that occur with too much growth of fat cells in the body. It can be seen in any part of the body where the fat cells are located. There is no specific age range. It can be seen at all ages. But it is very rare in children. It can be seen all over the body. Neck, abdominal region, back, shoulders, arms and chimneys are the most common places.

Why lipomas occur?

According to the patient does not occur. Lipomas can grow due to weight gain due to the presence of a build cell. It is seen in individuals of all ages and can also be congenital.

Who is most often seen in lipomas?

It is a common disease. Lipoma can be seen in one in 100 people. The number of lipomas can be seen several or more. So the number is changing. Lipomas (benign fatty tissue tumors) can be seen at any age. Genetic, familial causes and causes may be due to unknown factors.

The risk factors for lipomas?

- The cause of lipomas is unknown. If you have a family history, your risk of developing such skin tubers increases.

- This is the most common in adults between the ages of 40 and 60 years.

- Some cases may also increase your risk of developing lipomas. These include:

- Adipose dolorosa (a rare disease characterized by multiple, painful lipomas)
- Cowden syndrome
- Gardner syndrome
- Madelung's disease
Lipomas seen especially between 40-60 years old!
Lipomas can be single or multiple in their regions. A large number of people are mostly seen in men. They can be seen all over the body, but more on the neck, back, arms, legs and body. Fat glands can also occur in places where the body is very different from the outside of the skin, such as in the abdomen and cannot be noticed by the person himself. Lipomas are very common in the community and the reasons are not clear. Weight gain is thought to have no direct effect, genetic factors may be responsible. Sometimes it is stated that small trauma to the area may be caused by. Lipomas also develop under the skin in the presence of some specific diseases called the syndrome in the body.

In which regions are lipomas most commonly seen in the body?

Lipoma is the growth of fat tissue that develops slowly under the skin. It can be seen in people of all ages. However, it is very rare in children. A lipoma can occur anywhere on the body, but typically appears in the following areas:

- Neck
- Shoulders
- Back
- Snow region
- Handles
- Arms
- Legs
- Scalp

Benign growths or tumors are classified as fat tissue. This means that a lipoma is not cancerous and is rarely harmful.

What are lipoma symptoms?

It is seen in the lower part of the skin. Because they are very soft, they are felt when touched. Lipoma does not cause pain. Only this may depend on where lipoma is located.

Movable and soft masses

Lipoma form a significant part of the masses that are formed and noticed later in the body. These glands are the most common soft tissue specimens in the body. They are usually small, 1-3 cm diameter, subcutaneous lesions. They are soft and smoothly bounded masses that move by hand. They remain similar in size for many years, their growth is very slow.

When should the doctor be consulted?

If you notice a swelling in your body, you should check the doctor. Your doctor may say it's a harmless lipoma or something that needs more tests.

In rare cases, lipomas occur in the body, muscles or internal organs. If someone gives you pain or affects your muscles, you may need to get it.

In very rare cases, a lump called lipopharma may be a type of cancer that can be rapidly growing and painful. If your doctor suspects this, he will probably want you to have more tests.

Care should be taken if it is growing fast, cannot be moved!

Lipomas are not usually cancerous and, in very rare cases, do not turn into cancer. Cancer jerseys are generally called tedavi liposarcoma ard, which is very different in the treatment approach. It is necessary to follow the fat gland very well. If there is rapid growth in a short period of time, if it is deeper rather than subcutaneous, hard and non-moving lesions, they may not be lipomas and a doctor should be consulted without wasting time. Ultrasonography, tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be required to prevent any other type of lesion.
Diagnosis of lipoma

Diagnosis should be made by the doctor during the examination. In many cases, specialist doctors can easily diagnose lipoma. It can diagnose ultrasound in some regions.

Doctors can usually diagnose lipoma by performing a physical examination. It feels soft and painless during the examination. Also, because it is made up of fatty tissues, the lipoma moves easily when it touches.

In some cases, a dermatologist may biopsy the lipoma. During this procedure, they will scrap a small portion of the tissue and send it to a laboratory for testing. This test is done to exclude the possibility of cancer. Although a lipoma is not cancerous, it may resemble a malignant or cancerous liposarcoma. Unlike lipomas, liposarcomas are painful and grow rapidly under the skin.

Additional tests using MRI and CT scans are only necessary if the biopsy indicates that a suspected lipoma is actually a liposarcoma.

Treatment of lipoma

Generally, lipomas are not necessary. However, in some cases, the patient or the doctor may take lipoma. The reason for this situation is to determine whether the formed mass is lipoma. If there is a lipoma that continues to grow, it causes symptoms by pressing the nerves or causing intestinal obstruction. The patient may want to remove the lip and the operation is performed by local anesthesia. Surgical excision is frequently performed due to cosmetic reasons. There are sources that emphasize that if they are found in the body for a long time and can become very rare due to frequent exposure to radiation. It is often enough to follow a lot of people.

Do not try to remove the lipomas yourself!

Most lipomas do not need to be treated. However, if they cause cosmetic problems because of the settlements, they are painful, if they have a fast increase in size or if they have inflammation, they should be removed. However, the lipomas can be squeezed and cannot be treated by drilling. This may cause inflammation and enlargement of the lesion. Removing the lipoma should be done under sterile conditions and in the hospital environment. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia except in exceptional circumstances and does not require the patient to be hospitalized. Surgical intervention is performed by a small incision following the numbing of that area and removing the mass with the capsule.

Can lipomas turn into cancer?

Lipomas are not cancer. Cancer cells of the fat cells are called liposarcoma. These are a variety of soft tissue sarcomas. In most cases, they are not caused by lipomas. The conversion of lipomas into cancerous sarcomas is very rare. However, if your lipoma changes in any way or new masses appear, you should consult your doctor.

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Source links >> Lipoma: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and removal / A case of lipoma of lateral anterior neck treated with surgical enucleation

Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

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