Is HPV Transmitted From Swimming Pool?

HPV Contamination Risk at Swimming Pool

The HPV virus (Human Papilomavirus) is spread by contact with the skin and mucous membranes: a person who has an infection can have a sexual intercourse with a vaginal, anal, or possibly a network, or a finger through the person's genitals. The risk of contamination is almost negligible with HPV hugging, shaking, bathing or showering.

There are studies showing that there may be a risk of HPV contamination in public areas where there may be barefoot contact, and there may be more HPV contamination in indoor pools than open pools (source >> Communal showers and the risk of plantarwarts). The use of swimming pools or other body areas to cover the warts with a tape or wearing a protective socks does not prevent the risk of HPV infection in the pool (source >> Should verrucas be coveredwhile swimming?). In fact, the highest risk of infection with HPV virus, pool or gyms are available in the common locker rooms and showers. It usually occurs as warts in the soles or under the toes of the feet (plantar warts; wart, verrucae). They are quite common in children and are usually caused by walking barefoot on the floor of the dressing room or in a swimming pool. It is the most appropriate measure (source: Human papillomavirus) for people with warts to cover their feet or wear shoes with people who do not wear shoes such as swimming pools or gyms in public places. A scientific study was published in 2015, demonstrating the initial detection of papillomaviruses (HPV8, 12, 23, 25, 120, and unclassified HPV subgroup) and polyomaviruses in swimming pool waters >> First detection of papillomaviruses and polyomaviruses in swimming pool waters: unrecognized recreational water‐related pathogens?

In general, disinfectants and chemicals used in swimming pools reduce HPV virus infectivity considerably; The risk of HPV transmission is considered to be higher in the pool edge and common shower areas, especially where the soles of the soles are in contact and the stationary water is present.

In pools disinfected with chlorine, many resistant microorganisms can grow. The regular using of chlorine into a stationary water in contact with the active areas of infection on the body of people entering the pool alone cannot prevent all infections. Of course, it would be more appropriate if the pool water was changed regularly. Pool water disinfection without using a chemical product such as ionization method, also avoids possible side effects of chlorine.

Is HPV Transmitted From Swimming Pool?

Popular disinfectants don't kill HPV!

Commonly used disinfectants cannot prevent the HPV virus from being transmitted non-sexually from surfaces. According to researchers from Penn State Medical School and Brigham Young University, changes in policies related to disinfection in hospitals and public areas are needed due to this situation (source >> Popular disinfectants do not kill HPV). In this study for HPV virus using 11 common disinfectants evaluated the results. These disinfectants included those made of ethanol and isopropanol; These are common substances in surface disinfectants and hand disinfectants used in both public and health care settings. Examination of these hand disinfectants is important because other studies have shown high HPV DNA levels in the fingers of patients with existing genital infections. Although HPV is sensitive to some disinfectants including hypochlorite and peracetic acid, it is resistant to alcohol-based disinfectants. Chemical disinfectants in hand disinfectants are widely used to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in the general population. In the study, it was emphasized that, unless bleach or autoclaving is used in the hospital environment, the human papilloma virus does not die and the potential spread of HPV may persist.

In other words, regular deletion of pool edges with such disinfectants does not preclude HPV contamination.

Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

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