Is Snoring and Sleep Apnea A Problem That Must Be Treated?

Health Problems Due to Snoring and Sleep Apnea

Health Problems Due to Snoring and Sleep Apnea

Sleep, which constitutes an average of one third of human life, is of great importance for a healthy life. Poor quality sleep during daytime wandering constantly, while causing complaints such as lack of concentration; high blood pressure, rhythm disturbances in the heart, paralysis or sudden night death can cause sleep apnea. Snoring and sleep apnea are not only a social problem and may cause various health problems in the long term. Sleep apnea syndrome is a health problem that needs to be treated early because of early deterioration in cardiovascular health and early hypertension treatment and cardiologic examination.

In obstructive apneas, breathing may stop due to the narrowing of the airway due to the relaxation of the muscles in the airway during sleep, and even in some people it is completely closed. As the chest and abdominal muscles continue to contract, respiratory muscles contract again and the airway opens. During this event, depending on the duration and severity of apnea, the oxygen level in the blood drops and sleep is interrupted. Due to the short duration of this alert, one does not realize that he is awake. Central sleep apnea is much less common and occurs due to lack of signals from the brain to the respiratory muscles.

Symptoms of sleep apnea

The most important symptom of sleep apnea is the cessation of breathing during sleep. Other symptoms of sleep apnea include; restlessness during sleep, snoring, frequent urination, sweating, dry mouth, reflux and breathing stops as witnessed. In addition, headache, forgetfulness, lack of concentration, depression, vigorous inability to wake up in the morning and excessive sleepiness and fatigue are among the observable symptoms of sleep apnea during the day.

Problems that may be seen in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Instead of sleeping regularly, having fragmented sleep and sleep apnea attacks lasting more than 10 seconds (sleep apnea attacks) and decreased sleep quality can be seen.

Light sleep people with obstructive sleep apnea try to keep the throat-opening muscles tense to ensure adequate airflow.

Increased risk of heart attack, stroke and hypertension!

In fact, this triple health problem, which is most feared by patients with snoring and sleep apnea, is unfortunately one of the long-term negative health effects of sleep apnea syndrome. After recurrent episodes of respiratory arrest and the release of recurrent stress hormones, long-term adverse effects on the vascular system may occur (foreign source link you can browse >>  Snoring Causes and Health Risks Associated With Snoring)
Increases risk of heart attack and stroke 3 times
It may cause sleep apnea syndrome, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cerebral vascular diseases (stroke) and obesity.

The risk of heart attack and stroke was found to be approximately 3 times higher in people with sleep apnea syndrome than in those without. In patients with sleep apnea, blood clotting increases during sleep and early in the morning, which can lead to heart attack and stroke in the morning.

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is found in approximately 30 percent of hypertensive patients and approximately 60-70 percent of patients with heart attacks or strokes.

Hypertension occurs in half of patients with sleep apnea. Sleep apnea syndrome can also lead to heart failure and cardiac arrhythmia.

Insulin and fasting blood sugar are higher in patients with sleep apnea. The risk of developing diabetes is higher in these people than in the normal population, with type 2 diabetes occurring in about 30 percent of patients with sleep apnea.

Arrhythmia

Patients with sleep apnea have a higher risk of irregular heartbeats. Especially atrial fibrillation risk is higher than normal people.

Increased incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

During the episode of sleep apnea, as a result of increased intra-abdominal pressure following closure of the upper airways, the acidic content of the stomach may escape into the esophagus and this disease may occur.

Nocturia (incontinence under the night)

In sleep apnea, the above-described mechanism may cause an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and subsequent urinary incontinence. Headache may occur with different mechanisms in snoring and sleep apnea.

Decreased sexual satisfaction

Studies have shown a decrease in sexual pleasure in male patients with sleep apnea.

Weight gain

Weight gain may occur as a result of the release of repetitive anti-insulin stress hormones and decrease in body metabolism.

Mental health deterioration and depression

In patients with sleep apnea, there is a risk of mental health deterioration and the occurrence of dpresion. I prefer not to prefer). Source link >> 11 Health Risks of Snoring - Everyday Health

Increased risk of traffic accidents!

Since sleep apnea, snoring and sleep disorders are now scientifically proven to be associated with occupational accidents and traffic accidents, it is thought that the treatment of these health problems can prevent many financially damaged work and traffic accidents. Link to source topic >> Apnea and Accident Rate

According to recent publications, the risk of traffic accidents in sleep apnea, snoring and other sleep disorders has been shown to increase more than twice (up to 6-12 times in some publications). Source link >> Sleep Apnea More Than Doubles Risk For Car Accidents: The Dangers Of Drowsy Driving

If you have sleep apnea syndrome and need to drive a long journey, you can consider the following recommendations:

- please do not feed heavy oily and industrial foods before the trip. Eat Mediterranean-style healthy foods that can be metabolized in your stomach in a short time
- replace the car with automatic transmission; opting for a manual gearbox can slightly reduce your sleep during journeys
- new cars have a break and coffee warning for drivers, you may need to take this into consideration and take a break intermittently
- you can try to sleep with the pressure okijen device for a short time by using CIPAP devices that work with electric energy from the cigarette lighter part of the car developed especially for truck drivers who have to travel long.

In recent years, long-term drivers and new driving license, some groups of sleep apnea clinical test is required, but this disease may lead to measures to be taken in the direction of accidents. I've added videos below about sleep apnea and train accidents
Sleep Apnea Led to Two Recent Train Accidents Video
Undiagnosed, obstructive sleep apnea led to two railroad accidents in the New York ... video
Sleep Apnea Crash Video

If you snore and urinate more than two nights, beware!

The most important symptoms of sleep apnea include snoring, daytime drowsiness, and respiratory arrest during sleep. Snoring becomes severe and gradually increases over time. If loud snoring is interrupted by silence periods, sleep apnea syndrome should be evaluated. Except this; night sweats, frequent urination at night, headache in the morning, difficulty falling asleep and maintaining sleep, attention disorders, forgetfulness, decreased libido, abnormal movements during sleep, chest pain during sleep, reflux, asphyxiation during sleep Symptoms such as high blood pressure and dry mouth occur at different frequencies and levels in people with sleep apnea syndrome. Restless sleep and chest sweating occur in about half of the patients. 85 percent of patients have a history of more than two urinations at night. Although diabetes and prostate have been investigated in these people, nighttime urination in sleep apnea syndrome is as specific as snoring.

Short thick neck and small chin also increase the risk!

Sleep apnea occurs in about 2 percent of women and about 4 percent of men. The incidence increases with age and increases up to 19 percent in women and 28 percent in men. Obesity, which is increasing all over the world, significantly increases the frequency of sleep apnea syndrome. Although this frequency is 10 times higher in obese people, the disease may also develop in weak people. Structural features such as short thick neck, small jaw, genetic factors, endocrine diseases such as smoking, alcohol use and hypothyroidism increase the frequency of sleep apnea syndrome. Menopause and age are also among the risk factors for women.

Similar links >> Treatment of Snoring and Sleep Apnea / Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Snoring

Source links >> Risk of motor vehicle accidents is higher in people with sleep ... / Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Risk of Motor Vehicle Crash ...

Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

Private Office:
Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
Fax: +90 212 542 74 47


  

 


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