Dry Nose - Causes, Treatment, Home Remedies

Nasal Dryness - General Information and Treatment

Dry Nose - Causes, Treatment, Home Remedies 

It is the production of mucus that facilitates the retention of microbes and particles in the external environment in our nose and ensures that the nasal mucosa remains moist. The feeling of dryness in the nose, which may occur due to occupational factors, climatic changes, habits, systemic diseases, drugs used and traumatic causes, can sometimes reach quite disturbing levels. This website deals only with the "feeling of dryness in the nose" that you will not find anywhere and tried to summarize the relevant topics.

Physiology of Nose

Physiology of Nose
As the sniffing and breathing organ, there is an "olfactory field" on the upper part of our nose which is opened with two separate holes from our face.

The air entering the nose enters the turbulence by impacting the nasal flesh, and with the increase in air resistance, the air taken by the nasal flesh covered with mucus is heated, humidified and purified and thus, clean, humid air is delivered to the lungs.

The nasal cavity is affected by the sound vibrations produced by the vocal cords along with the paranasal sinuses, acting as a biological speaker and taking part in the resonance of the sound during the speech. While the sinus cavities are effective in resonance, the nose is the single most important organ that provides resonance balance. If the resistance of the air taken from the nose decreases and the amount of air increases, hypernasal confusion occurs and vice versa.
Continuous mucus is produced on the mucosal epithelium that covers the inside of our nose and this mucus is constantly moving backwards with the movement of cilia on the epithelial cells. The air entering the nose slows down by entering the turbulence, rotating around the nasal meats, leaving particles, dust, allergens and microbes on the nasal meats, heating and humidifying them depending on the blood circulation in the meats.  In this way, clean, humid and hot air is delivered to the lower respiratory left.

Tasks of nose

In summary, our nose has 5 different tasks:

◊ Smelling
◊ Heating the breathing air
Nem Humidification of the breathing air
◊ Purification of the inhaled air (contributes to the removal of the inhaled air from some foreign objects such as dust)
 ◊ Resonator function

Apart from the smell and resonator functions, these tasks are quite edematous for the maintenance of lung function.

How Does the Dryness Feel in The Nose?

How Does the Dryness Feel in The Nose?

In the presence of factors such as environmental conditions, drugs, surgery, loss of moisture from the nasal mucosa, decreased mucus production or direct mucosal damage may cause a dry nose sensation.

Inside our nose, there is a continuous cycle of mucus production and mucus cleaning. With the turbulent air flow, the air is hit by the mucus covered nasal flesh; humidification, purification and heating of the breathing air is provided. In the presence of a factor that can affect one or more steps of such a unique system, a dry nose may emerge.

Dry Nose

Examples of these situations that cause the dry nose:

. If there is a perforation in the septum of the nose (septum perforation), linear flow occurs instead of turbulent flow and dry and fast air hits the nasal mucosa causing the mucosa to dry.

. Infection of nasal mucosa caused by rhinitis, virus or bacteria

. Nasal decongestant and nasal cortisone sprays can cause nasal dryness by adversely affecting blood supply to the nasal mucosa and thus mucus production.

. Fluid loss from the nasal mucosa may occur due to low ambient humidity in an air-conditioned environment or in a severe Anatolian continental climate

. After nasal surgery, the mucous membranes of the nasal flesh is damaged or the volume of the nasal flesh is too small, so that the humidification of the air may not be achieved and nasal dryness may occur.

. Some diseases affected by glands such as Sjögren's Syndrome may reduce nasal mucus production and dry nose.

. Reduction of collagen production in the nose during menopause

. Oral antihistaminic drugs may adversely affect both the mucus production and the movement of the cilia that promote mucus and may cause dryness in the nose.

. During nasal oxygen therapy, such as CPAP and BPAP, excessive cold and dry air strikes the mucosa of the nose, resulting in loss of mucosa and dryness in the nose.

Nose Picking and A Vicious Circle: Dry Nose

Nose Picking and A Vicious Circle: Dry Nose

Image description: Intranasal photograph of a patient who has the habit of picking his nose by regularly inserting a cotton swab, napkin and finger into his nose. The patient came with the complaints of nosebleed and nasal congestion, and despite all these, he reported that he also used menthol sprays, decongestant sprays and cortisone nasal sprays inside the nose, and that his complaints were gradually increasing. The above photograph, obtained on endoscopic nasal examination, shows dry, bleeding, crusted areas in both nasal cavities, anterior part of the inferior turbinates and anterior nasal septum. The situation we encounter here is actually a medical vicious circle. As the nose is mixed, as the nasal mucosa becomes dry and irritated, the mucous membranes become dry and crusted. Patients may say that the air entering through the nose is more difficult, and that due to the fact that the nose cannot fully fulfill its duties of humidifying and purifying the air, drying may occur in the nasal passages over time. 

While patients should make the nasal mucosa healthier by moisturizing with natural ocean waters or moisturizing products: spraying decongestant spray or cortisone spray into the nose, which dries the nasal mucosa, may cause nasal dryness and related symptoms to increase. It is very important that patients do not insert napkins, fingers, cotton swabs into the nose and consult an otolaryngologist when there is bleeding or crusting in the nose. In patients who are planned for nasal surgery in this way, the risk of nasal septum peroration and post-operative infection may increase, since the nasal mucosa in the nose is operated without making it healthy. Cocaine users are at an even higher risk of nasal dryness and chronic mucosal infections. Patients with bleeding and crusting in the nose, presumably ordering drugs online and continuing their current habits, instead of a doctor's examination, may cause atrophic changes in the nasal mucosa.

Nose Picking and Dry Nose, Nasal Dryness

Nose Picking and Dry Nose, Nasal Dryness

In the two photos above, there is an inside view of the right nasal cavity of the patient, who has complaints of nasal dryness and nasal congestion, as a result of finger-plucking the right nostril for a long time. It is observed that the mucosa is dry and damaged (with bleeding) as a result of finger trauma to the sharp-edged deviation area in the lower part of the nasal septum and to the anterior part of the inferior turbinate. This dryness of the nasal mucosa can lead to a decrease in its capacity to humidify the air, local inflammation and crusting, and nasal congestion. The patient was advised to terminate the mechanical trauma to the nose, to use local moisturizing products, and to drink plenty of water.

Drugs That Can Cause Nasal Dryness

Drugs That Can Cause Nasal Dryness
Many drugs that can be used in different diseases and conditions can cause nasal dryness.

Antibiotics, antihistamines and decongestants are the leading drugs.

The main drugs that can cause nasal dryness are:
. Antihycitaminic drugs (used in the treatment of allergic diseases)

. Nasal sprays (especially decongestant sprays and cortisone sprays for allergy treatment)

. antibiotics
. Retinoids (used in the treatment of acne)
. Hypertension medications
. Anxiety drugs

List of drugs that can cause dryness in the nose

The following is a list of drugs that can cause dryness of the nasal mucosa collectively. If you are suffering from dryness, it is advisable to consult your doctor before using the following medications.

  • Accutane
  • Aches-N-Pain
  • Acrivatine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Advil
  • Aleve
  • Allegra-D
  • Aller Max
  • Alphagan
  • Alphagan P
  • Anamine
  • Anamine TD
  • Anaplex
  • Anaprox
  • Anaprox DS
  • Andrumin
  • Anisotropine Methylbromide
  • Ansaid
  • Antihistamines
  • Antivert
  • Antivert 25
  • Antrizine
  • Apo-Diflunisal
  • Apo-Ibuprofen
  • Apo-Naproxen
  • ApraClonidine tablets
  • Apro-Flurbiprofen
  • Arthrotec
  • Atiquim
  • Atrohist Pediatric
  • Atropine
  • Avomine
  • Azatadine Maleate
  • B&O Supprettes
  • Banophen
  • Bayer Select Pain Relief Formula
  • Bel-Phen-Ergot S
  • Belladonna
  • Belladonna and Opium
  • Belladonna, Phenobarbital and Ergotamine Tartrate
  • Bellergal-S
  • Benadryn Allergy
  • Biohist-LA
  • Bonine
  • Brexin L.A
  • Brimonidine
  • Brofed Liquid
  • Bromfed
  • Bromfed Tablet
  • Bromfed-PD
  • Bromfenex
  • Bromfenex PD
  • Bronchodilators
  • Butacortelone
  • Calm-X
  • Candyl
  • Carbiset
  • Carbiset TR
  • Carbodec
  • Carbodec TR
  • Cardec DM
  • Cardec-S
  • Cataflam
  • Catapres tablets
  • Catapres-TTS-1 tablets
  • Catapres-TTS-2 tablets
  • Catapres-TTS-3 tablets
  • Certain medications
  • Children’s Advil
  • Children’s Motrin
  • Chlor-Phen
  • Chlor-Trimeton
  • Chlorafed Timecelles
  • Chlordrine SR
  • Chlorphedrine SR
  • Chlorpheniramine Maleate
  • Claravis
  • Claritin-D 12-Hour
  • Claritin-D 24-Hour
  • Clemastine
  • Clinoril
  • Clonidine tablets
  • Codimal L.A
  • Colfed-A
  • Comhist
  • Comhist LA
  • Cophene No. 2
  • Cyproheptadine Hydrochloride
  • Dallergy-JR
  • Daypro
  • Daypro ALTA
  • Deconamine SR
  • Dexaphen-SA
  • Dexbrompheniramine and Pseudoephedrine
  • Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate
  • Dibufen
  • Dimenhydrinate
  • Dimetabs
  • Dimetapp 12 Hour Spray
  • Dinate
  • Diphen AF
  • Diphenhist
  • Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride
  • Disobrom
  • Disophrol Chrontabs
  • Disophrol Tab let
  • Disopyramide
  • Dolac Injectable
  • Dolac Oral
  • Dolobid
  • Dramamine
  • Dramilin
  • Drixine Nasal
  • Drixomed
  • Drixoral Syrup
  • Drugs containing atropine
  • Dura-Tap/PD
  • Duralex
  • Dytuss
  • EC-Naprosyn
  • ED A-Hist
  • Endafed
  • Enidin
  • Etodolac
  • Excedrin
  • Excedrin Extra Strength
  • Fabahistin
  • Fedahist Gyrocaps
  • Fedahist Timecaps
  • Feldene
  • Feldene Gel
  • Fensaid
  • Flexen
  • Flogen
  • Flurbiprofen Sodium
  • Froben
  • Froben-SR
  • Fuxen
  • Gelpirin
  • Genahist
  • Genpril
  • Goody’s Headache Powders
  • Haltran
  • Hicin
  • Histalet
  • Histor-D
  • Histrodrix
  • Hydrate
  • IBU
  • Ibuprin
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ibuprohm
  • Indo-Spray
  • Indochron E-R
  • Indocin
  • Indocin SR
  • Indomed
  • Indomethacin
  • Infants’ Motrin
  • Iopidine
  • Ipratropium - nasal spray
  • Isotretinoin
  • Kedvil
  • Ketorolac - injection and tablets
  • Ketorolac Tromethamine
  • Klerist-D
  • Kronofed-A
  • Kronofed-A Jr
  • Lodine
  • Lodine Retard
  • Lodine XL
  • Lodrane LD
  • Logicin Rapid Relief Nasal Spray
  • Marmine
  • Mebhydrolin
  • Meclomen
  • Medipren
  • Meloxicam
  • Menadol
  • Meni-D
  • Midol
  • Midol-IB
  • Miradon
  • Mobic
  • Motrin
  • Motrin IB
  • Mylaramine
  • Nabumetone
  • Nalfon
  • Naprelan
  • Naprodil
  • Naprosyn
  • Naproxen
  • Naproxen Sodium
  • Nasal sprays
  • Nasex Nasal Decongestant
  • Naxen
  • Naxil
  • ND Clear
  • Norpace
  • Norpace CR
  • Novafed A
  • Novo-Diflunidal
  • Novo-Flurprofen
  • Novo-Naproxen
  • Novo-Profen
  • Nu-Diflunisal
  • Nu-Flurprofen
  • Nu-Ibuprofen
  • Nu-Naproxen
  • Nuprin
  • Optimine
  • Orudis KT
  • Otrivin
  • Oxymetazoline
  • Pactens
  • Pamprin IB
  • PBZ
  • PBZ-SR
  • Pediacare Fever
  • PediaProfen
  • Pentazine VC with Codeine Liquid
  • Periactin
  • Phenameth DM Syrup
  • Phenerbel-S
  • Phenergan
  • Phenergan VC
  • Phenergan VC Syrup
  • Phenergan VC with Codeine Syrup
  • Phenergan with Codeine Syrup
  • Phenergan with Dextromethorphan Syrup
  • Pherazine DM Syrup
  • Pherazine VC with Codeine Syrup
  • Pherazine with Codeine Syrup
  • Pirox
  • Piroxicam
  • PMS-Cyproheptadine
  • Polarmine Repetabs
  • Ponstel
  • Prehist
  • Pro-Hist-8
  • Proartinal
  • Prometh Plain
  • Prometh VC Plain
  • Prometh VC Plain Liquid
  • Prometh VC with Codeine Liquid
  • Prometh with Codeine Syrup
  • Prometh with Dextromethorphan Syrup
  • Promethacon
  • Promethazaine VC
  • Promethazine
  • Promethazine VC Plain
  • Promethazine VC Plain Syrup
  • Promethegen
  • Promethist with Codeine Syrup
  • Pronaxil
  • Pseudo-Car DM
  • Quadrax
  • R-Tannamine
  • R-Tannamine Pediatric
  • R-Tannate
  • Relafen
  • Rescon
  • Rescon ED
  • Rescon JR
  • Respahist
  • Resporal
  • Rhinalar Nasal Mist
  • Rhinatate
  • Rhythmodan
  • Rinade B.I.D
  • Rondamine DM Drops
  • Rondec
  • Rondec-DM
  • Rondec-TR
  • Ru-Vert-M
  • Rufen
  • Rynatan
  • Rynatan Pediatric
  • Rynatan-S Pediatric
  • Rythmodan
  • S-T Forte 2
  • Saleto-200
  • Saleto-400
  • Semprex-D
  • Siladryl
  • Solareze-Gel
  • Sotret
  • Supradol
  • Tabalon
  • Tanafed
  • Tannate
  • Tanoral
  • Tavegyl
  • Tavist
  • Tega-Cert
  • Time-Hist
  • Tolectin
  • Touro A & H
  • Travist
  • Trendar
  • Tri-Tannate
  • Tri-Tannate Pediatric
  • Trinalin Repetabs
  • Triotann
  • Tripelenamine Hydrochloride
  • Triptone
  • TripTone Caplets
  • Tritan
  • Tussafed Drops
  • Tussionex Pennkinetic
  • Tusstat
  • ULTRAbrom
  • ULTRAbrom PD
  • Uni-Pro
  • Valpin 50
  • Vasytox
  • Velsay
  • Vicks Sinex
  • Voltaren
  • Voltaren Emugel
  • Voltaren Rapid
  • Voltaren-XR
  • Wehamine
  • Xylometazoline nasal spray

Nasal Dryness and Allergic Rhinitis

Although nasal dryness and allergic rhinitis are two completely different conditions; Allergic rhinitis may cause nasal dryness.

If a nasal dryness complaint occurs during the use of medications for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, the following measures may be appropriate:

  • Burun Increasing the frequency of nasal lavage with saline waters. In this way, besides the reduction of the amount of allergen on the nasal mucosa and intranasal allergy mediators; feeding the nasal mucosa, increasing ciliary movements in the mucosa may also be provided
  • Reducing the use of drugs used in allergic rhinitis (in consultation with a doctor!) (Eg using only intranasal cortisone sprays and increasing saline applications ...)
  • If the complaint of dryness of the nose persists despite the above measures, the use of intranasal moisturizing drops, ointments or sprays.

Nasal Dryness After Nose Surgery

After nasal surgery, the feeling of dryness in the nose is often seen.

After somenose operations (Septoplasty, Turbinate Radiofrequency, Rhinoplasty, Nose Tip Plasty ... etc.), It varies according to the amount of mucosal ingestion in the nose and the reduction of the flesh of the nose; Dryness of the nose can be seen in the first few weeks after surgery. In addition, nasal dryness can be seen for a long time in those who use drugs that may cause nasal dryness, those who work in dry and hot environments or air-conditioned environments, and those who live in terrestrial climatic conditions.

It would be beneficial to apply saline waters into the nose post-operatively (for example, using ocean water sprays, using sinus rinses), and to use drops, sprays or ointments to prevent moisture or moisture loss in the nose. In addition to these, drugs that may cause nasal dryness after the nose operations, alcohol, coffee and salt should be avoided, drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice per day, especially water and fruits and vegetables to be consumed with high water content will be beneficial for the nasal mucosa to remain moist and healthy.

Nose Dryness and Seasons

Nasal dryness and seasons

Nasal dryness may occur, especially in winter when ambient humidity is reduced and heating devices are switched on. Although the amount of fluid lost from the nasal mucosa due to the rise in temperature in summer increases in the western parts of our country, the feeling of dryness in the nose may not occur because of the increase in the ambient humidity. In the eastern regions with hot and dry summers and cold and snowy winters in the eastern regions, dryness of the nose can be seen in all seasons.

Especially during the cold season, the secretions in the skin and mucosal areas opening out to the outside environment should be reduced and care must be taken when using the heaters. The use of a heater that dries the ambient air during the cold season may increase nasal dryness when there is use of a medication that can cause nasal dryness, or if a nasal surgery has been performed. In this way, if there are more than one possible factor, precautions can be taken such as operating cold steam machines in the bedrooms, using moisturizing drops and sprays in the nose, or placing large surface wet cloths and water filled containers on the heaters.
It is a beneficial and beneficial practice to apply lavage to the nose in the days when the season passes and increase the number of lavages in the winter months. In addition, avoiding excessive use of alcohol, coffee and salt, drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice per day, especially consuming fruits and vegetables with high water content, will be beneficial for the nasal mucosa to remain moist and healthy.

Nasal Dryness and Travel

Nasal Dryness and Travel
Image source:
In dry and hot summers, cold and snowy winters in the eastern region with terrestrial climatic characteristics or when traveling to very cold ski areas should be considered in terms of dry nose.

In particular, those who consider traveling to areas with low ambient humidity and temperature, and who have additional factors that may cause dryness of the nose, should have intra-nasal moisturizing and protective medications with them before starting the lavage with salty water a few days before travel may be appropriate. In addition, avoiding excessive use of alcohol, coffee and salt, drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice per day, especially consuming fruits and vegetables with high water content, will be beneficial for the nasal mucosa to remain moist and healthy.
If you are planning to travel in our country, you can visit the website of the General Directorate of Meteorology (www.mgm.gov.tr), and if you plan to travel abroad, you can visit the website of BBC Weather (http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/). temperature and humidity status.

Occupations Associated With Nasal Dryness

Nasal dryness may occur, especially in those working in hot and dry environmental conditions or working in air-conditioned areas.

Regardless of the outdoor conditions, nasal lavage with saline water will be a preventive measure for the nasal mucosa. Undoubtedly, it is not always possible to change the conditions of the workplace, but the ventilation of the windows by opening the windows from time to time, the use of drugs that can moisten the nose and prevent moisture loss if nasal dryness is felt; It will be.

For workers in workplaces with dusty and different chemicals, the nasal mucosa is sufficiently moist and healthy; It is very important for the nose to perform the functions of purifying, heating and humidifying the inhaled air. It should be beneficial for the employees to avoid alcohol, coffee and salt usage, drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice per day, especially consuming high amounts of water and fruits, and to keep the nasal mucosa moist and healthy.

Diseases and Conditions with Nasal Dryness

Apart from drugs and environmental conditions that may cause nasal dryness, some systemic diseases and conditions may also cause or contribute to nasal dryness. These situations can be summarized as follows:

◊ Sjogren's Syndrome

◊ Cocaine use

◊ Smoking

◊ Excessive nose mixing

◊ Nasal oxygen treatments (CPAP, BPAP)

◊ Long-term swimming in chlorinated pool waters

◊ Nasal septum perforation

◊ A hypervitaminosis

◊ Chronic renal failure

◊ Toxic Goiter (Hyperthyroidism, Graves)

◊ Diabetes Mellitus

◊ Sugar Free Diabetes (Diabetes Insipitus)

◊ Menopause period

◊ First onset of upper respiratory tract infections caused by virus

In the treatment of nasal dryness, the above-mentioned conditions should be kept in mind and should not be ignored.

Nasal Dryness and Nose Bleeding

Nasal dryness and nosebleeds can sometimes be seen together. If nosebleeds occur after prolonged nasal dryness, it may herald the necessity to take precautions.

Nasal dryness can be seen with dry nose, nose bleedings in those who use drugs that may cause nasal dryness, those who take blood thinners, who work in dry and hot environments or in air-conditioned environments, and who travel to regions with continental climate characteristics. In children, there may be a combination of both nasal dryness and nosebleed, due to the fact that they may have nasal mixing habits without the above factors.
In the presence of these factors, it may be beneficial to avoid the use of alcohol, coffee and salt, to drink at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice a day, especially to consume the fruits and vegetables with high water content and to keep the mucous membrane moist and healthy. Apart from these, it is appropriate to put a cooling gel or ice bag on the back of the neck, both cheeks and lips when there is a nosebleed and wait for 10 minutes by squeezing the lower part of the nose with two fingers as shown in the picture. If the nose bleeding continues after waiting 10 minutes, an otolaryngologist should be consulted. If the relevant ENT specialist is distant, ice water may be drawn into the bleeding nostril and the nasal decongestant sprays can be sprayed into the bleeding nostril.

During periods of nosebleeds, straining movements, mixing the nose, severe blowing, contacting the face and neck with hot water, steam or hot air, taking blood thinners such as aspirin, pressurized sneezing in such a way that the air comes out of the nose is objectionable. Aspirin, Coumadin (Warfarin), such as patients who reduce blood clotting medication should not stop taking drugs without consulting an ent doctor.

Nasal Dryness in Children

Dry nose in children can be seen, especially in winter, when the heaters are on and cold weather is dominant; Unlike adults, irritation of the nasal mucosa and sometimes nosebleeds may occur due to nasal confusion.

Most children, like adults, cannot express dryness as a complaint. Due to nasal crusting, nasal congestion, breathing, and sometimes bleeding, families may bring their children to a doctor's examination.

Children have less breathing space in their nostrils than adults, are more dependent on nasal air than adults, and the nasal mucosa is much more delicate. Nasal dryness may occur due to different factors such as inserting napkins into the nose of the children, having nasal mixing habits, using intranasal suction pumps, operating air dryers.

In addition to reducing the above risk factors in children with dry and crusted nasal mucosa; The use of cold steam machines in the bedroom, the application of saline into the nose, the use of moisturizing spray, ointment or drops in the nose will be useful.

Nose Dryness Treatment Related Information

What You Need to Know About Cold Steam Machines

For the last few years, hot steam producing machines have been replaced; machines that produce cold steam have become used as a publication due to their different properties. Cold steam machines produce high frequency vibration and allow water to evaporate without heating the water.

Cold steam machines are sold in quite different models and shapes on the market.
What are the features of the ideal cold steam machines?
- Low power consumption (often consumes about one third of hot steam engines)

- Quiet operation

- Humidity, temperature level, time display of the ambient air and programming according to hourly or humidity level

- Automatic shut-off after running out of water in the water tank

- Ability to purify air (not available on all devices)

- Transparent and sufficient amount of water in the water tank (eg 5 lt)

- Easy to clean water tank

When should cold steam machines be Used?
We can recommend the use of these devices as ear, nose and throat specialists in different situations where the feeling of dryness in the nasal mucosa or the feeling of drying in the throat can be seen.

These situations can be summarized as follows:

- Conditions that may cause the nasal mucosa to lose moisture

◊ After nose surgery
◊ In the winter season (in houses where honeycombs are used as warming means), when honeycomb temperatures are increased
◊ During periods of nasal congestion and nasal crusting in infants and with difficulty in feeding or feeding.
◊ In winter, when children have a nosebleed due to finger-to-nose mixing and honeycombs work

- Conditions that may cause the throat mucosa to lose moisture

◊ After tonsil surgery, especially in children 3-4. may cause severe ear pain due to dry throat at night
◊ There are conditions such as nasal septum deviation, turbinate hypertrophy that cause open mouth sleeping
◊ Throat dryness due to drugs
◊ Increased sore throat due to throat infection and dry at night
How should cold steam machines be used and what level of ambient humidity should be?
First of all, cold steam machines are very useful devices if they are used at the right time and in the right amount.

The nasal mucosa achieves ideal humidification and functional capacity when the ambient humidity is 40% and above; When the ambient humidity is above 50%, the growth of house dust mites accelerates considerably. That is, when using cold steam machines, the ambient humidity can be set to 40% and slightly higher. It is usually sufficient to operate the device for up to 2 hours before going to bed.
When should cold steam machines not be used and what should be considered?
- Cold steam machines are inconvenient in individuals with allergic asthma and allergy-related lung diseases.

- It may not be appropriate to use these devices in people with house dust and fungal allergies. If house dust or fungal allergy is present and it is absolutely desirable to use these devices, the device should not be operated for a long time and the ambient humidity should not be increased above 40%. After waking up in the morning, the room will be in contact with sunlight and the windows will be opened.

- Various germs that can reproduce in stationary water in the water tanks of cold steam engines (eg: Naegleria Fowleri). It is beneficial to renew the water in the water tanks before each use and to wash the water tanks with hot detergent water intermittently.
Can different herbal drugs be added into the water tank in cold steam machines?
Due to the cold water produced, cold steamers are not suitable for mixing with hot steam machines for the application of medicines and herbal ingredients (such as chamomile vapor or eucalyptus-containing solutions and drops) that are breathable or anti-inflammatory for the upper respiratory tract. However, especially in infections of the vocal cord and laryngeal region (acute laryngitis) or influenza upper respiratory tract infections, Vicks VapoRub Evaporating Ointment or Cold-Mix drops containing Eucalyptus oil and menthol can be placed in cold steam machines. In patients with asthma or severe allergic diseases, the medicines should not be used without consulting a doctor.

How to Make Saline Irrigation of The Nose?

The lavage of the nose with salty water is a beneficial application without side effects which should be applied in very different situations.

The benefits of nose lavage with salt water can be summarized as follows:

◊ Removal of nasal crusts, allergens and bacteria (after the washing of the swine flu, there are sources that announce the washing of the nose and ocean water after the handwash as the most important precaution against the swine flu epidemic)
◊ Feeding of nasal mucosa and increasing ciliary movements
◊ Removal of bacterial plaques on the nasal mucosa
◊ Reduction of nasal flesh thanks to the anti-inflammatory properties of salt
Alle Removal of allegory mediators in the nose
◊ Cleaning the sinus openings

Nasal lavage can be done in 3 ways:

1. Using ocean waters
2. Using Sinus Rinse
3. Using salty water prepared at home

Considerations when using ocean water sprays

The area where the saline should be applied into the nose should cover the area where the sinus ports are, as shown in the figure below, and then the saline should reach your nasal passage.
Especially if the nose is to be washed in the nose with ocean water sprays, the head should be leaned forward in the sink and spray should be squeezed towards the specified area.

Things to consider when using sinus rinse:

Sinus Rinse and Neti Pot sent through one nostril and water from the other nostrils to remove the water inside the nasal lavage methods must be considered in a very effective manner that can be summarized as follows:

◊ The mouth should be kept open while using sinus rinse.
Işlem The procedure should be terminated as soon as there is ear pain.
◊ Nasal lavage with Sinus Rinse should not be performed without consulting the doctor after otitis media, nasal surgery and eardrum surgery.
◊ Since amoebae and microbes that can reproduce in stationary water such as Naegleria Fowler are thought to be able to reproduce by sticking to the interior of the application bottle and bacteria that can cause other sinusitis by entering the nostril surface, each application bottle should not be used for more than 1 month and the bottle should be washed with hot water after each application. as well as chilled water boiled.

Considerations in the preparation of saline for nasal lavage at home

A practical method for preparing salt water to make nasal lavage is to mix one cup of water with one teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of carbonate. The water prepared in this way can be withdrawn from the nose to the nasal passage, with the head tilted forward and can be removed by a blowing action or applied by a Sinus Rinse bottle.

In addition, since the nasal mucosa is very delicate, especially in infants under 2 years of age, in case of nasal discharge and nasal congestion, saline water is dripped from the nostrils by using saline drops ("monodose" tubes) instead of the above procedures.

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers About Nasal Dryness

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers About Nasal Dryness

Which region may be necessary to take precautions when going on holiday in terms of nasal dryness?

Caution should be exercised in terms of dryness of the nose, especially in areas where terrestrial climatic characteristics such as ski centers are dominated by cold and dry air.

How to treat nasal dryness, nasal smelling, purulent discharge and crusting?

In this case, beside the lavage with saline water into the nose in the treatment; For chronic atrophic rhinitis (Ozena), a chronic and long-term treatment that requires estrogen-containing sprays, the patient should be evaluated by an otorhinolaryngologist.

Nasal dryness; Is it correct to apply long-term oil, pomade or ointments in the nose with a cotton swab?

It is sometimes recommended by doctors to administer these drugs with a cotton swab for short-term regional intranasal infection or bacterial carriage. Although there is not enough resources on this subject; the intranasal mucosa is very delicate and dryness of the nasal mucosa is already present, but it is not appropriate to contact the cotton swabs for a long time. In particular, there are nasal moisturizing ointments, drops and sprays that can be applied to the nose without the need for a cotton swab.

What should be considered if a drug that causes nasal dryness is mandatory?

An allergy, hypertension or other disease-related medication that may cause nasal dryness is required; nasal moisturizing medications, nasal washing at least 3 times a day with salty water, increasing daily water consumption, consuming juicy fruits and vegetables, cold steam machines can be used at home.

Important Warnings About Dry Nose

When using cold steam at home for the treatment of nasal dryness, what should be the ambient humidity?                            

The nasal mucosa achieves ideal humidification and functional capacity when the ambient humidity is 40% and above; When the ambient humidity is above 50%, the growth of house dust mites accelerates considerably. That is, when using cold steam machines, the ambient humidity can be set to 40% and slightly higher. It should be kept in mind that as the humidity of the house increases, the growth of house dust mites and fungi in the room may increase and thus negative conditions may occur for the allergic people living in the house.

What features should be considered when selecting the drugs that should be used for the treatment of nasal dryness?

It can be expected that the drugs to be used in the treatment of nasal dryness do not cause irritation in the nose, do not contain toxic substances, do not have long-term cytemic side effects, and do not contain any substance that may have negative effects on the nasal mucosa and cilia. In this sense, it is not suitable to use antibiotic ointments for a long period of time (such as a few months ...). Drugs such as ointments, pomades, which may be used to prevent local infection or bacterial transport into the nose, are not particularly those used in the skin; eye group.

In viral upper respiratory infections such as influenza or flu, it is not correct to try to clean the nose with a napkin or paper towel when there is a runny nose!

In viral upper respiratory tract infections such as influenza, it is more appropriate to use lavage methods with saline for nose cleaning in order to remove the currents and intranasal germs and to preserve the intranasal physiology. Although there is no possibility of continuous saline application; intermittent washing of the nose with saline water is very useful for the patient's recovery. Trying to clean it by inserting a napkin or paper towel into the nose and taking fluids containing decongestant which can cause dryness of the nose may increase the moisture loss in the nasal mucosa.

Nasal Dryness Treatment - General Features

In the treatment of nasal dryness, measures such as elimination of the factors causing nasal dryness, regulation of local products and applications that moisturize the nasal mucosa, regulation of nutrition that will increase the oral mucosal moisture are taken.

Environmental Measures

Avoid dry, very hot or very cold, air-conditioned weather that may cause dry nose, or normalize the humidity of the ambient air with cold steam machines or other humidifiers.

Treatment of Nasal Mucosa

With the lavage into the nose with saline water, using drops, spray or ointments containing vaseline, panthenol, vitamins A and E as well as ointments containing ocean salt and glycerin derivative content, it can be provided to prevent moisture loss of nasal mucosa, to increase mucosal movements and to increase ciliary movements.

Regulation of Nutrition For Nasal Dryness

Oral Diet For Nasal Dryness

Increasing oral intake is very important for moisture balance in the nasal mucosa. Drinking at least 7-9 glasses of water or fruit juice per day, especially eating high-content fruits and vegetables, will be beneficial for moistening the mucous membranes.

In addition, reducing the use of alcohol, coffee and salt may cause mucosa to dry out.

Discontinuation of Drugs That Can Cause The Nasal Dryness

There are many drugs (such as allergies) that can cause nasal crushing. You can find the related drug list from the links above. Discontinuation of these medications - in consultation with a doctor - will again be useful in the treatment of nasal dryness.

Natural Wood Air Humidifiers

Natural Wood Air Humidifiers

Air humidifiers, which do not require additional electrical or thermal energy, were offered abroad for $ 100-150. These humidifiers, which are known to be used in different ways in the Far East, were offered for sale over the internet. I didn't get enough information about user fatigue, but they seem to be quite cleverly designed. You can see one of them at Amazon.Com >> Wooden Mast Eco Humidifier with Natural Water Evaporation

Dry Nose - Causes, Treatment, Home Remedies

Dry Nose - Causes, Treatment, Home Remedies

Dry Nose - Causes, Treatment, Home Remedies

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Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

Private Office:
Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone: +90 212 561 00 52
E-Mail: muratenoz@gmail.com
Mobile phone: +90 533 6550199
Fax: +90 212 542 74 47