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Showing posts from May, 2019

Basal Cell Carcinoma of The Nose Tip Skin

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Basal Cell Cancer (BCC) of The Nose
Definition of basal cell carcinoma of the nose Basal cell carcinoma is a carcinoma that occurs only in the skin resulting from the basal cells of the pilosebaceous skin inserts. Basal cell carcinoma is a carcinoma that occurs only in the skin resulting from the basal cells of the pilosebaceous skin inserts. It is the most common malignancy in humans. 65% of epithelioid tumors, 20% of cancers in males and 10 - 15% of cancers in females is basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinomas at 80 to 90% head - neck constitute 25% of primary nasal lesions. Nasal tip area and nasal ala are the most common sites in the nose.
Nomenclature of tumor (BCC) Basal cell carcinoma, also known as rodent ulcer or BBC, may occur in other parts of the body, although it usually occurs on the face or neck. In basal cell carcinoma, one of the most common types of cancer, tumor cells resemble and originate from cells in the basal (most inner part of skin) skin layer.
About the …

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Definition, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) What is thyroglossal duct cyst? The most common congenital neck mass in the midline of the neck is thyroglossal duct cysts. Thyroglossal duct cyst is caused by the fact that the thyroid gland does not disappear after it has completed its embryonic development and becomes cystic. They constitute approximately 75% of the midline masses of the neck seen in childhood and are more common than those of other congenital masses.
Thyroglossal duct cyst and risk of malignancy Thyroglossal duct cysts are mostly in the midline of the neck and swollen by swallowing, they may be fistulized to the skin in this case, then take the name of thyroglossal fistula). Many malignancies may develop from the thyroglossal duct cyst (papillary, follicular, anaplastic thyroid cancer and Hurtle cell carcinomas, etc.). Because of the risk of malignancy, its treatment is surgery. Sistrunk operation is the gold standard in surgery. In the sistrunk operation, the hystoid bone corpus is…

Lipoma On The Neck Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

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A Neck Mass - Lipoma
What is lipoma? They are benign masses that occur with too much growth of fat cells in the body. It can be seen in any part of the body where the fat cells are located. There is no specific age range. It can be seen at all ages. But it is very rare in children. It can be seen all over the body. Neck, abdominal region, back, shoulders, arms and chimneys are the most common places.
Why lipomas occur? According to the patient does not occur. Lipomas can grow due to weight gain due to the presence of a build cell. It is seen in individuals of all ages and can also be congenital.
Who is most often seen in lipomas? It is a common disease. Lipoma can be seen in one in 100 people. The number of lipomas can be seen several or more. So the number is changing. Lipomas (benign fatty tissue tumors) can be seen at any age. Genetic, familial causes and causes may be due to unknown factors.
The risk factors for lipomas? - The cause of lipomas is unknown. If you have a family his…

Rhinoplasty Healing Properties by Week and Month

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Rhinoplasty recovery for weeks and months
Recovery time after nose aesthetics depends on various factors, including the surgical techniques used and the amount of reconstruction. The recovery time changes after the nose aesthetics, and your surgeon may recommend that you take a week off from your work so that you can have a comfortable first period of recovery. Recovery is easier after the first few weeks. However, it may take you about 1 to 2 years to get full results from your nasal aesthetic procedure. Especially in patients with very severe skin characteristics, complete recovery can be longer than 2 years after complicated revision nose surgery.
Recovery characteristics after rhinoplasty according to time intervals First week after rhinoplasty The first few days after the nose of the nose is the most difficult and you may face some discomfort. You may not be able to breathe comfortably from your nose, because the nose is covered with tape, and the nostrils may also have an inter…

Branchial Cleft Cyst Definition, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Second Branchial Cleft Cyst What is the branchial cleft cyst?Branchial cleft cysts are usually a developmental abnormality on the neck of the neck and on the side of the neck. It develops as a result of inadequate growth of the tissues forming the neck and throat during the early embryonic development. They can be mouthed out of the neck and they are called sinuses, and if they do not mouth, they are seen as cysts in the neck. It is a fluid filled swelling in the cyst. The fistula is where the other end of the opening in the skin is associated with the mouth or ear cavity. It usually occurs congenitally.
What causes branchial pathologies? Branchial clefts (embryological tissues in which some anatomical structures develop in the neck) become temporarily void and then closed. In case these gaps are not closed, branchial pathologies occur. Approximately 37% of the masses in the lateral region of the neck are cysts and the remaining 63% are fistulas. Branchial anomalies are the developme…

Thank You For Birthday Messages - I Am Happy To Live With You

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It's been so fast for years. Life is beautiful with our loved ones, thank you friends. It's nice to get a birthday message from people from different countries of the world. Living is good together with you.

Thank you for your all messages.


Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul
Private Office: Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone:+90 212 561 00 52 E-Mail:muratenoz@gmail.com
Mobile phone:+90 533 6550199 Fax:+90 212 542 74 47




Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Snoring

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Sleep Apnea and Snoring Sleep is a complex behavior that is vital for healthy function. Sleep is the temporary, partial and periodic discontinuation of the organism's communication with the environment in a reversible manner with various stimuli. During sleep, vital energy is stored, a large amount of growth hormone is secreted. Tissues are repaired, aging is delayed.


Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a syndrome characterized by drowsiness in the sleep due to recurrent airway narrowing and problems caused by this condition. OSAS is characterized by recurrent respiratory arrest during sleep, decreased oxygen in the blood and increased sleepiness during the day.

Recurrent narrowing and obstruction of the upper airway in sleep can resulted with these:

* Separation of sleep
* Low sleep quality
* Daytime sleepiness
* Oxygen saturation reduction
* Cardiovascular problems

Apnea is a respiratory arrest, and this disease can be expressed briefly as a disease of respiratory arrest…

Lower Lip Mucocele

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Retention Mucocele on The Lower LipCase 1:


Case 2:



Mucocele with mucus deposition from salivary gland is a common lesion of the oral cavity. For the development of these lesions, mucus extravasation and secondly mucus retention can be considered. The primary cause of mucocele formation is mucus extravasation from accessory salivary glands which are considered to be of traumatic origin in relation to lip bite. There is an inflammatory reaction following traumatic cyst formation and reactive granulation tissue is formed. The mucus retention cyst cannot be discharged, resulting in epithelial proliferation of the partially obstructed salivary canal, resulting in a drastic dilatation and swelling. In the clinical display, the mucocele appears as an asymptomatic nodule with a pink or bluish color; Size may vary. Nodule usually occurs within a few days after minor trauma. Once produced, it can vary for months, unless processed. If the contents of the cyst are emptied, it is usually made of thi…

Lower Lip Cancer

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Malignant Tumor of Lower Lip

Lower lip cancer is more common than upper lip cancer and the disease is usually slower than upper lip cancer. It is also the most frequent malignant neoplasm of the oral cavity. It usually occurs between 50-70 years of age and in males. Lesions are usually painless, non-healing, ulcerative areas. Under the jaws, the lymph nodes are usually the first bled lymph nodes of the tumor.

Risk factors for lower lip cancer: Tobacco use, pipe smoking, thermal injury, poor oral hygiene, contact with mechanical irritant, immunosuppression (immune system immunization), UV light (sun rays also show carcinogenic effects), diet deprived of antioxidant food.

In the photograph, the patient who has been present in the lower lip for one year and has a growing wound-shaped lesion, has a tumoral lesion on the lower lip (photo on the left) and the condition on the 14th postoperative day (photo on the right). The pathology result was squamous cell carcinoma (squamous cell carcinoma…

Accessory Auricle

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Accessory Tragus  The accessory auricle consists of partially developed ear-piece residues that can be seen congenitally, often in front of the ear. It is a congenital external ear malformation that result of anomalous development of the first branchial arch during early embryonic development. Embryonic auricular components occur early in the fourth week of pregnancy. The ear circumference develops around the ear and gradually progresses laterally and dorsally during development. The position of the accessory auricle is related to the course of embryonic development of the three peak blocks of the first pharyngeal arch. Thus, abnormal developmental extensions may be placed in a curved triangle from the oral combined groove to the anterior atrium between the helical spine and the earlobe. Goldenhar syndrome, Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, Townes-Brocks syndrome, VACTERL syndrome and Treacher-Collins syndrome are can be asssociated with accessory auricle (source: Accessory auricle: Classifi…